78 Ülkede Eşcinsellik Yasadışı İlan Edilmiş Durumda!

Posted on 20 Ağustos 2013

0


Erasing 76 Crimes adlı sitenin Uluslararası Lezbiyen, Gey, Biseksüel, Trans ve İnterseks Derneği (The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association) bilgilerinden derlediği habere göre eşcinsellik 78 ülkede yasadışı ilan edilmiş durumda. 78 rakamı Gazze/Filistin, KKTC, Endonezya’nın iki büyük bölgesinin de eklenmesiyle 82’ye çıkıyor.

Sitenin haberini okuyucularımızla paylaşıyoruz:

76+ countries where homosexuality is illegal

book-world-map-76-78

76+ (or 78 or 82) countries with anti-homosexuality laws

The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association, or ILGA, lists the following 78 (plus 4) countries with criminal laws against sexual activity by lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or intersex people (LGBTIs). Links in the list lead to this blog’s posts about individual countries.

The total is 82 if you include political entities such as Gaza/Palestine, the Turkish-controlled northern portion of Cyprus, and Indonesia, where two large provinces outlaw homosexual acts.

The total is 76-plus countries, according to a list from the St. Paul’s Foundation for International Reconciliation, which uses that measure in its Spirit of 76 Worldwide program aimed at repealing those laws.

Africa

Algeria
2 Angola
3 Benin
Botswana
5 Burundi
Cameroon
7 Comoros
8 Egypt
9 Eritrea
10 Ethiopia
11 Gambia
12 Ghana
13 Guinea
14 Kenya
15 Lesotho
16 Liberia
17 Libya
18 Malawi (enforcement of law suspended)
19 Mauritania
20 Mauritius
21 Morocco
22 Mozambique
23 Namibia
24 Nigeria
25 Sao Tome
26 Senegal
27 Seychelles
28 Sierra Leone
29 Somalia
30 South Sudan
31 Sudan
32 Swaziland
33 Tanzania
34 Togo
35 Tunisia
36 Uganda
37 Zambia
38 Zimbabwe

Asia, including the Middle East

39 Afghanistan
40 Bangladesh
41 Bhutan
42 Brunei
43 Iran
44 Kuwait
45 Lebanon
46 Malaysia
47 Maldives
48 Myanmar
49 Oman
50 Pakistan
51 Palestine/Gaza Strip
52 Qatar
53 Saudi Arabia
54 Singapore
55 Sri Lanka
56 Syria
57 Turkmenistan
58 United Arab Emirates
59 Uzbekistan
60 Yemen

Two Asian/Middle Eastern countries are listed separately by the ILGA under the heading “Legal status of homosexual acts unclear or uncertain”:

  • In Iraq, there is no law against homosexual acts, but homophobic violence is unchecked and self-appointed sharia judges reportedly have imposed sentences for homosexual behavior.
  • In India, enforcement of the law against homosexual activity has been suspended by court action.

Americas

61 Antigua & Barbuda
62 Barbados
63 Belize
64 Dominica
65 Grenada
66 Guyana
67 Jamaica
68 St Kitts & Nevis
69 St Lucia
70 St Vincent & the Grenadines
71 Trinidad & Tobago

In the United States, anti-sodomy laws were ruled unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court in 2003, but they are still on the books in 13 states: Alabama, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina,  Texas, Utah and Virginia. Conservative state legislators refuse to repeal the laws and, in some cases, police still enforce them.  Reportedly, in the past few years more than a dozen LGBT people were arrested for violating those laws, but the arrestees were freed because prosecutors won’t seek convictions based on defunct laws.

Oceania72 Cook Islands
73 Indonesia (Aceh Province and South Sumatra)
74 Kirbati
75 Nauru
76 Palau
77 Papua New Guinea
78 Samoa
79 Solomon Islands
80 Tonga
81 Tuvalu

Europe

82 Northern Cyprus

Also in Europe and worth mentioning but not on a list of countries with laws against homosexuality are:

  • Russia, where several cities and regions have laws that prohibit discussion of homosexuality in the presence of minors;
  • Ukraine, which has considered, but so far has not adopted a similar law against “gay propaganda.”

For more information, see the ILGA’s world map, its 2012 report “State-Sponsored Homophobia,” and ILGA’s updated and reformatted 2013 report.

Related information:

76 Countries Where Anti-Gay Laws Are As Bad As Or Worse Than Russia’s (Each country’s law summarized in a list compiled by BuzzFeed. With photos.)

Posted in: Basın, Uluslararası